Immigrant and Refugee Students in Canada

Recent immigrants and refugees — both children and their families — often struggle to adapt to Canadian education systems. For their part, educators also face challenges when developing effective strategies to help these students make smooth transitions to their new country.
Immigrant and Refugee Students in Canada, researchers join educators and social workers to provide a thorough and wide-ranging analysis of the issues at the preschool, elementary, secondary and post-secondary levels. By understanding these issues within the unique Canadian context, educators can work more effectively with newcomers trying to find their way.
This book pursues three lines of inquiry:

What are the main challenges that immigrant and refugee children and families face in the Canadian education system?
What are the common aspects of successful intervention?
What can we learn from the narratives of researchers, educators, social workers, and other frontline workers who work with immigrant and refugee families?

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
Contents 8
Acknowledgements 10
1 Introduction: Working together to navigate the Canadian education system 12
2 School readiness: A review of literature 18
3 Immigrant students’ health: An overview of the need to improve our awareness and response to the health of immigrant children and their families within the educational context 31
4 School-based interventions for refugee children and youth: Canadian and international perspectives 42
5 Immigrant mothers’ use of a discussion group in becoming school ready 65
6 Matching policies to needs in early childhood development programs in newcomer populations 76
7 Cultural negotiations of sense of place through shared parent–child art-making in a preschool for immigrant children 100
8 African refugee women’s songs and stories: Possibilities for diversifying literacy practices in early childhood education 123
9 Refugee families with preschool children: Looking back 140
10 Refugee students in Canadian schools: Educational issues and challenges 158
11 The value of language in refugee youth’s construction of identity 172
12 The Accelerated Basic Literacy Education (ABLE) program in the Waterloo Region District School Board 185
13 Building community capacity to support Karen refugee youth in schools 194
14 Fostering solidarity in the classroom: Creative expression workshops for immigrant and refugee students 213
15 “More than winning the lottery”: The academic experiences of refugee youth in Canadian universities 231
16 Managing expectations through building cultural competencies 260
17 How do I get in? Exploring the underemployment of immigrant teachers in Canada 272
Contributor biographies 284